Lacrimal gland tumor surgery

Long-Term Outcomes of Eye-Sparing Surgery for Adenoid

  1. At the last follow up, 8 patients were alive without evidence of disease. One patient was deceased at 58 months post-surgery, due to esophageal carcinoma; this was unrelated to the lacrimal gland tumor. The final patient experienced tumor recurrence in the medial orbit 53 months post-surgery, and exenteration was performed
  2. don&/260-Lacrimal Gland Tumors/#146;t biopsy b/c of 1/3 chance of recurrence, significant risk of malignant degeneration 50% carcinomas (50% of these are adenoid cystic, remainder: malignant mixed, 1 o adeno carcinoma, mucoepidermoid carcinoma, squamous carcinoma
  3. Purpose of review: The goal of this article is to review the key clinical and radiological features, treatment strategies, and prognosis of lacrimal gland tumors. Recent findings: Debulking of the orbital lobe of the lacrimal gland may offer improved control rates in dacryoadenitis without compromise of tear film function. Contrary to previous belief, careful biopsy of the lacrimal gland prior.
  4. Background The optimal treatment for lacrimal gland cancer remains unclear. Eye-preserving surgery, as opposed to exenteration, followed by adjuvant radiotherapy (RT), has recently been reported to deliver satisfactory outcomes, but evidence is sparse
  5. Lacrimal gland tumors are rare and constitute a wide spectrum of different entities ranging from benign epithelial and lymphoid lesions to high-grade carcinomas, lymphomas, and sarcomas with large differences in prognosis and clinical management. The symptoms and findings of a lacrimal gland lesion are a growing mass at the site of the lacrimal.

Importance Primary tumors of the lacrimal gland are rare and are associated with substantial morbidity and mortality. The literature regarding these tumors is limited to case series and case reports. Objective To examine the incidence, treatment, and overall survival (OS) and disease-specific survival (DSS) of patients with cancer of the lacrimal gland Lacrimal gland tumors are very rare. With a yearly incidence of one in one million, they represent only 10% of orbital space-occupying lesions. The age of presentation of lacrimal gland tumors depends on the specific subtype of tumor, but overall these tumors can occur at any age. Epithelial tumors, like pleomorphic adenomas and adenoid cystic. Lacrimal Surgery Process DCR is a same-day outpatient surgery performed through either a small incision made on the side of the nose or endoscopically through cameras inserted into the nose

Answer: Lacrimal gland resection If you are seeing an oculoplastic surgeon then he is likely very well qualified to know the indications for the removal of your skin, and potentially resuspending your lacrimal gland. Honestly, I would only go to a diplomate of the American Board of Plastic Surgery or an Oculoplastic surgeon Management of benign epithelial tumors of the lacrimal gland involves complete surgical resection of the lacrimal gland mass, including pseudocapsule especially in pleomorphic adenoma

Primary treatment of pleomorphic adenoma of the lacrimal gland is surgery, but radiation can be necessary if the tumour is not amenable to surgery . Based on data obtained in patients with pleomorphic adenoma of the salivary gland, radiotherapy should also be recommended to improve local control in patients with incompletely resectable tumours. Surgery Often the treatment for most types of lacrimal gland cancers is surgery to remove the gland. Your specialist might recommend that you have the whole of your eyeball and surrounding skin removed. This is recommended for cancers that have spread outside the lacrimal gland affecting the eyeball, and the skin and muscle around it Lacrimal Gland Tumors. Proia AD, Ranjit-Reeves R, Woodward JA. PMID: 29517651. [Indexed for MEDLINE

Pleomorphic adenoma: This is the most common benign (non-cancerous) tumor of the lacrimal gland. It is diagnosis based on clinical signs and imaging studies. The entire tumor should be surgically removed. The eye should always be spared in these procedures The lacrimal glands are the glands that secrete tears and are located above and to the side of the eye. When lacrimal gland cells change and grow uncontrollably, they form a mass called a tumor. A tumor can be cancerous or benign. A cancerous tumor is malignant, meaning it can grow and spread to other parts of the body The treatment of lacrimal gland tumors can be divided largely into 2 categories based on the duration of symptoms, clinical evaluation, and radiographic features of the lesion. Patients with a long-standing, painless, slowly growing mass with a well-circumscribed appearance on imaging studies are presumed to have a pleomorphic adenoma

PA, the most common primary lacrimal gland solid tumor, presents at a mean age of 40 years, with a range from 8 to 80 years. 26 Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC), the most common lacrimal gland epithelial malignancy, has a bimodal age distribution, with most patients diagnosed in their 40s and a smaller peak in the teenage years. 27 Carcinoma ex. A lacrimal gland tumor is a tumor in one of the glands that produces tears. The lacrimal gland is located under the outer part of each eyebrow. Lacrimal gland tumors can be harmless ( benign) or cancerous ( malignant ). About half of lacrimal gland tumors are benign. The lacrimal gland is located within the orbit above the lateral end of the eye Etiology. Approximately one half of lacrimal gland tumors are malignant ( Figs. 66.1 and 66.2 ); of these, most are epithelial and the remainder lymphoproliferative tumors ( Figs. 66.3 and 66.4 ). Benign mixed tumors are the most common benign intraglandular tumor ( Fig. 66.5 ). Rarely, vascular tumors, such as cavernous or epithelioid. Other procedures include the insertion of a tube into the nasolacrimal gland or the insertion of a balloon catheter. Special surgical procedures include a dacrocystorhinostomy - a procedure that helps restore normal tear flow. Acquired (ADULT-ONSET) Nasolacrimal Duct Obstructio If the diagnosis of a tumor of the lacrimal gland is made, surgical removal is the first choice in most cases. The decision depends less on a malignant or a benign diagnosis, but more on the patient's level of suffering

The lacrimal gland is a specialized gland located under the outer one-third of the upper eyelid that makes tears. Each time you blink, the eyelid spreads the tears over the surface of the eye and pumps excess tears into a duct that drains the tears into your nose. That is why your nose runs when you cry. If the lacrimal gland is producing. The lacrimal gland is a bilobed eccrine secretory gland, which is situated in the superotemporal orbit. The 2 lobes of the lacrimal gland, the orbital lobe and the much smaller palpebral lobe, are separated anatomically by the lateral horn of the levator aponeurosis. Only the palpebral lobe can be visualized in the superior fornix on lid eversion Treatment most commonly in- Malignant tumors of the lacrimal gland are rare and have an cludes surgery with or without radiation and chemotherapy. estimated incidence of 0.073 per 100,000 individuals annu- We describe a patient who presented with right periorbital ally [1]

The most common neoplasm of the lacrimal gland is the pleomorphic adenoma (Fig. 1A, B, and D), which accounts for up to 90% of benign tumors and 50% of primary epithelial tumors.The most common form of carcinoma is the adenoid cystic type (Fig. 1E-H), comprising 20-30% of cases.Carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma accounts for approximately 10%, adenocarcinoma not otherwise specified (NOS. A lacrimal gland tumor is a tumor in one of the glands that produces tears. The lacrimal gland is located under the outer part of each eyebrow. Lacrimal gland tumors can be harmless ( benign) or cancerous ( malignant ). About half of lacrimal gland tumors are benign In 15/18 patients, malignant tumor involved both the lacrimal sac and nasolacrimal duct at the time of diagnosis. Only 3 patients had tumor confined to the lacrimal sac. Tumor was not observed solely within the nasolacrimal duct in any patient. In 16/18 patients, tumor had spread from the lacrimal sac into the medial canthus region (Figs 2 and 3) Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, 424 General Military Hospital of Thessaloniki, Greece (Head: Dr. C. Magopoulos) Hellenic Archives of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery (2020) 3, 127-133 SUMMARY: Pleomorphic adenoma of the lacrimal gland is a rare benign tumor of epithelial origin. Its presence can cause functional and esthetic.

Primary epithelial malignancies of the lacrimal apparatus, comprising the lacrimal gland, duct, and sac, are extraordinarily rare tumors, with an estimated yearly incidence of 0.072 per 100,000 people. 1 Common presenting symptoms include epiphora, palpable mass, change in visual acuity, and eye pain and can easily be attributed to a more benign etiology Lacrimal gland tumors account for about 9-15% of all orbital tumors and represent a particularly difficult group with respect to diagnosis and management. 1 Diseases such as dacryoadenitis, sarcoidosis, Wegener's granulomatosis, and other inflammatory or infiltrative conditions account for over 60% of lacrimal gland masses and may present.

Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma of the Lacrimal Gland Simulating

Lacrimal gland repositioning is a procedure in which a dislocated or anteriorly prolapsed tear gland is placed back into its normal position in the socket. The correct position is in the fossa, a hole in the bone of the upper outer orbital rim. The procedure is not technically challenging as long as you are familiar with the anatomy Types of adnexal tumors: The most common type of eyelid cancer is basal cell carcinoma. Other types of eyelid cancer include squamous cell carcinoma, melanoma, sebaceous cell carcinoma, and Lymphoma. Adenoid cystic carcinoma is a rare malignant tumor that is known to be an aggressive cancer of the lacrimal gland. Test He explains that tears are produced by the lacrimal gland and then are collected in the lacrimal sac (the tears storing sac). In the case of this patient, the cancerous tumour had developed into the lacrimal sac. This is a very rare type of cancer. So far, there are only about 775 known cases reported worldwide, Dr Murmu says

Less commonly, the tumor is an adenoid cystic carcinoma of the lacrimal gland, which is an aggressive tumor. Lymphomas involving the orbit are typically B-cell and characteristically low grade. Lymphomas can be bilateral and simultaneous and can be part of a systemic process or exist in the orbit in isolation A Practice Specializing in diseases and surgery of the eyelids, orbit and lacrimal (tear duct) system, tumors of the eye and orbit, and cosmetic surgery of the eyelids and face. About Dr. Mark Mazow Mark L. Mazow, M.D. F.A.C.S. is a board certified ophthalmologist and a member of ASOPRS(American Society of Ophthalmic Plastic & Reconstructive. Lacrimal Drainage System . 2mm vertical canaliculi 8-10 mm horizontal canaliculi with . common canaliculus . Valve of Rosenmüller 12-15mm . Lacrimal Sac . 12-18mm nasolacrimal duct Valve of Hasner in inferior meatus Fay & Dolman . Anterior and posterior Lacrimal crests form the Lacrimal sac fossa Anterior medial . Canthal ligament . Posterior. We report a rare case of warthin tumor occurring in lacrimal caruncle. Upon review of the literature, we find only four cases of warthin tumor in eye, two cases in the caruncle, one case in lacrimal gland, and one in eyelid margin. We treated a 71-year-old woman who had a fish-like mass in the caruncle of the left eye for half a year Symptoms of Lacrimal Gland Tumor Other than Epiphora. • Double or blurry vision. • Pain in or near eye. • Eyelid fullness or lump in eyelid. • Swelling around the eye. To be fair, a brief coverage of another type of cancer that can cause one eye to tear needs to be made. A tumor can form in the naso-pharyngeal cavity

Lacrimal gland adenoid cystic carcinomas are rare, aggressive orbital tumors characterized by poor overall prognosis, tendency for local recurrence and metastasis despite aggressive treatment. Treat-ment continues to be controversial. Many authorities today will often initiate surgery (orbital exen Lacrimal gland masses can be classified into two broad groups - inflammatory (~50%) and neoplastic, either lymphoma (25%) or salivary gland type tumors (~25%). Pathology Inflammatory. sarcoidosis. affects ~25% of patients with systemic disease; orbital inflammatory pseudotumor. lacrimal gland is second most commonly affected orbital structure after the extraocular muscle To evaluate the prognosis of Chinese patients with lacrimal gland adenoid cystic carcinoma treated with eye-sparing surgery and adjuvant multimodal therapy. The study included 24 consecutive patients with lacrimal gland adenoid cystic carcinoma treated at the Ninth People's Hospital of Shanghai from May 2008 to September 2017. All patients underwent eye-sparing surgical tumor resection and. Tumor more than 4 cm in greatest dimension.* Tumor invades periosteum or orbital bone or adjacent structures Tumor invades periosteum Tumor invades orbital bone Tumor invades adjacent structures (brain, sinus, pterygoid fossa, temporal fossa) *As the maximum size of the lacrimal gland is 2 cm, T2 and greater tumors wil Lacrimal Gland Cancer This rare type of cancer starts when a tumor forms in the glands that make tears. They're called lacrimal glands, and you have them under the upper eye lid of each eye

Surgery Surgery is the generally accepted first line treatment for lacrimal gland and lacrimal apparatus cancers, when possible. The cancer should be completely removed, which may or may not involve removal of the eye (orbital exenteration). Radiation Radiation is generally given after surgical removal of a lacrimal cancer, though some. The most common epithelial tumor is a benign pleomorphic adenoma, accounting for half of all epithelial tumors. The remaining half is malignant, with 20-30% identified as adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) (2). Overall, ACC accounts for 1.6% of all lacrimal gland tumors. Little is known regarding risk factors for development of ACC for 70-80% of all lacrimal gland tumors [2, 4, 6-8]. Lacrimal gland carcinomas are associated with poor local control and significant morbidity and mortality rates [9]. To date, no guidelines on standard treatment for lacrimal gland carcinomas have been developed due to the rarity of these diseases, which are conventionall A lacrimal gland tumour is a tumour in one of the glands that produce tears. The lacrimal gland is located under the outer part of each eyebrow. Lacrimal gland tumours can be harmless (benign) or cancerous (malignant). About half of lacrimal gland tumours are benig Figure 3 Lacrimal gland schwannoma. A, Scanning magnification reveals an encapsulated spindle cell tumor with areas of hyper- and hypo-cellularity adjacent to glandular tissue (hematoxylin-eosin [H&E] original magnification ×40)

Lacrimal Gland Tumors - Cosmetic eyelid surgery

For consecutive patients with lacrimal gland carcinoma treated during 2007 to 2014, we reviewed tumor characteristics, treatment details, ocular toxic effects, and recurrence. Results. Twenty patients, median age 55 years, were treated for lacrimal gland carcinoma during the study period; 11 had globe‐sparing surgery Lacrimal gland neoplasms comprise up to 18% of all orbital masses clinically and histologically. Much of our current core knowledge regarding lacrimal gland tumors stems from prior study of their more common counterparts, the salivary glands. The prognosis for each lacrimal gland tumor is contingent upon proper clinical evaluation and ultimately the histopathologic diagnosis Lacrimal Gland Primary Epithelial Tumors Introduction: Lacrimal Gland Lesions A variety of neoplasms and related lesions can arise in the lacrimal gland (1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13). Lacrimal gland lesions have many similarities to those that occur in the major salivary glands. Lesions of the lacrimal gland can be broadly divided into epithelial and nonepithelial lesions

Orbital Tumors » New York Eye Cancer Center

Overview of benign and malignant lacrimal gland tumor

Outcomes in patients with lacrimal gland carcinoma treated

The initially condition that might occur is amniotocoele. Here, there is distension of the tear producing gland i.e. the lacrimal gland. Amniotic fluid enters the lacrimal sac and gets trapped within it. This can lead to in swelling of the lacrimal sac. Treating this can be done through inserting a small probe through the nasolacrimal duct Tumors of the caruncle: a clinicopathologic correlation. Lesions from the caruncle are uncommon. On account from the histological composition of the caruncle, which includes, in adds to to conjunctiva, hair roots, sebaceous glands, sweat glands, in adds to to accessory lacrimal tissue, the caruncle could develop lesions which could be similar.

Adenoid cystic carcinoma is the most common malignant lacrimal gland tumor, comprising 50% of malignant tumors of lacrimal gland and 25% of all lacrimal gland tumors. Most cases are seen in the third decade of life with a second bimodal peak in the teenage years A lacrimal gland tumor is a tumor in one of the glands that produces tears. The lacrimal gland is located under the outer part of each eyebrow. Lacrimal gland tumors can be harmless (benign) or cancerous (malignant). About half of lacrimal gland tumors are benign Paresis of the orbicularis oculi muscle leads to a diminished blink, incomplete eyelid closure ( Lagophthalmos ), impairment of the nasolacrimal pumping system. The blink reflex and lid position are critical to maintain the ocular surface. Each blink spreads the tear film over the ocular surface and allows for a continuous layer of moisture Five percent of all intraorbital masses originate from the lacrimal gland. The majority of the lacrimal fossa lesions consist of inflammatory lesions. Epithelial tumors account for 30% of the lacrimal gland lesions, while 12% of epithelial tumors are pleomorphic adenoma . Ferry et al. reported a case with a secondary metastasis to the lacrimal. Many lacrimal gland processes present as a firm enlargement of the lacrimal gland that causes a downward and inward (medial) displacement of the eye with some associated proptosis. The mass effect of the tumor can also result in some mechanical limitation of extraocular motility, especially in the direction of the lesion

An Update on Tumors of the Lacrimal Gland

Treatments . Treatment for lacrimal (tear gland) cancers may involve a combination of chemotherapy, immunotherapy, and surgery. Chemotherapy . Neoadjuvant (prior to surgery) intra-arterial chemotherapy (IACC) seems to improve survival and decrease cancer recurrence Because the lacrimal and salivary glands share similar characteristics, the American Joint Committee on Cancer classification (AJCC) has aligned the classification with those of the salivary gland.5 Recently, Jack Rootman, MD, and Valerie A. White, MD, published an update of this classification, and adjusted the size of the lacrimal gland to the TNM classification of the salivary tumors. 6,7. Lacrimal Gland Surgery: Follow-Up #1. I'm looking less beat up. Here is me today: For the first post about this surgery, go here. The doctor who performed the surgery (Dr. A) is not only an Oculoplastic Surgeon, his research interest is the lacrimal gland. He has always listened to me carefully (as have all other doctors at UIC) and I trust him In Reply In our recent study, 1 we surveyed the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program (SEER) database to determine the prevalence and determinants of survival of malignant epithelial tumors of the lacrimal gland. In accordance with previous studies, we found that adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) is the predominant tumor found in the lacrimal gland

Epidemiology and Treatment of Lacrimal Gland Tumors: A

The lacrimal gland is an almond-shaped structure in the superolateral orbit. It measures approximately 2 cm × 1.2 cm × 0.5 cm. It is related both morphologically and histologically to the minor salivary gland. 10 The lacrimal gland consists of 2 lobes, the anterior palpebral lobe and the larger, deeper orbital lobe. The palpebral lobe is half to one-third the size of the orbital lobe To perform lacrimal gland repositioning, Dr. Massry uses a 5-0 polypropylene suture on a P-3 needle to pass through the lacrimal gland capsule. The suture is then secured to the anterior tip of the lacrimal gland fossa periosteum at the superior orbital rim. He finally ties the suture, which repositions the gland into the fossa Imperforate lacrimal puncta are an infrequent cause of epiphora in young dogs. In foals, atresia of the nasal (distal) end of the nasolacrimal duct is a common cause of early epiphora and chronic conjunctivitis. In calves, multiple openings of the nasolacrimal duct may empty tears onto the lower eyelid and medial canthus, causing chronic.

Pleomorphic Adenoma of the Lacrimal Gland in a TeenagerAdenoid cystic carcinoma of the lacrimal gland

Video: Lacrimal Gland Tumors - EyeWik

Lacrimal Surgery for Tear Ducts Dean McGee Eye Institut

Lacrimal sac tumors are rare, but their early recognition and management is imperative as the tumors can be locally invasive and potentially life threatening. Tumors can be benign or malignant, and 55% of lacrimal sac tumors are malignant. Mortality rates for malignant tumors vary with stage and type, but fatal outcomes are reported in up to a third of patients Epithelial tumors of the lacrimal gland: an update. Curr Opin Ophthalmol. 2008;19(5):409‑413. Chen AM, Garcia J, Bucci MK, Quivey JM, Eisele DW. The role of postoperative radiation therapy in carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma of the parotid gland. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2007;67(1):138‑143. Duck Kim Y. Lacrimal gland tumors. In. Lacrimal gland tumor is one of the most common orbital masses, and adenoid cystic carcinoma is the most common malignant epithelial tumor of the lacrimal gland [].In Shield's study, half of the lacrimal gland tumors were of epithelial origin and 12% of these were adenoid cystic carcinoma [].In two studies from China, adenoid cystic carcinoma accounted for about 6% of lacrimal gland tumors [3.

Eyelid Surgery to Correct Protruding Lacrimal Gland

Tumor location (lacrimal gland vs sac), histopathology (adenoid cystic vs other), margin status, type of surgery (OS vs eye-sparing surgery), and use of postoperative radiotherapy did not correlate with OS or DFS. Multivariate analysis was limited secondary to low numbers of patients in the study; however, when tumor size and type of surgery per Warthin's tumor is an extremely rare lesion of the lacrimal caruncle, and ophthalmologists may never encounter this lesion in their careers. In addition, pathologists see this lesion in salivary gland tissues, but not in specimens submitted from the anatomic eye. Here, we report a rare case of a Warthin's tumor originating in a lacrimal caruncle

An Update on Tumors of the Lacrimal Gland : The Asia

The lacrimal gland is a gland that produces one of the components in tears. It is a lobed gland located on the outer side of each eye. These glands produce the aqueous portion of tears, consisting of liquid, salts, proteins and lysozyme. Tears are produced constantly to protect and lubricate the eye, but when additional tears are required to. Discussion: Lacrimal gland MALTomas are a rare manifestation of primary extranodal Marginal B CellLymphoma, accounting for 1% of all Non-Hodgkin lymphoma subtypes. Malignant neoplasms of thelacrimal gland account for just 4% of all lacrimal gland lesions, 50% of which are adenoid cysticcarcinoma 9. Jakobiec FA: Tumors of the lacrimal gland and lacrimal sac, in Symposium on Diseases and Surgery of the Lids, Lacrimal Apparatus, and Orbit (Trans New Orleans Acad Ophthalmol). St Louis, CV Mosby, 1982, pp 190-202. Google Scholar; 10 Ocular adnexal lymphomas (ie, lymphomas of the orbit, eyelids, conjunctiva, lacrimal gland, and lacrimal sac) constitute 2% of all extranodal lymphomas 2 and are the most common malignant tumors of the orbit. 3 Lacrimal gland lymphomas are relatively rare, representing 7% to 26% of ocular adnexal lymphomas. 4-6 However, 37% of all malignant.

Epithelial tumours of the lacrimal gland: a clinical

Definitive excision with the capsule intact is the goal of surgery even if the mass is fairly large. In the pre-CT era, John Wright proposed an approach to differentiating between benign and malignant lacrimal gland tumors based on duration of symptoms — benign tumors slowly enlarge over a period of at least one year — and presence of pain. Orbital and Lacrimal Surgery. Any disease that affects the orbit, or the lacrimal glands or ducts, can be a candidate for orbital or lacrimal surgery. This procedure addresses the following conditions: Orbital fractures, Orbital tumors that need a biopsy, Nasolacrimal duct obstructions that cause tearing, Evisceration for painful blind eyes or. Taiwan Journal of Ophthalmology, Taiwan. Primary ductal adenocarcinoma of lacrimal gland is a distinct subtype of lacrimal gland adenocarcinoma, accounting for only 2% of all epithelial lacrimal gland tumors. There are only some sporadic cases reported in the literature Surgery may be used to enlarge the opening to the duct, remove tumors that are compressing the duct, or remove foreign bodies from the duct. In more severe cases, a stent may be placed to allow flow through the lacrimal duct The lacrimal gland is an exocrine gland similar to the mammary gland and salivary gland [].The gland is composed of lobules separated by loose connective tissue (Figure 1).Acini are lined with columnar secretory cells, which have been shown to secrete mucopolysaccharides, implying that the gland is a modified mucus gland [].Each lacrimal gland lobule consists of many acini and intralobular.


Cancer of the lacrimal gland - Cancer Research U

Pleomorphic adenoma, also referred to as benign mixed tumors (BMTs), is a benign or a non-cancerous growth in the salivary gland, the most commonly occurring parotid tumor. The epidemiology of pleomorphic adenoma can cover all ages and both genders but is more prevalent among women from thirty to sixty years of age METHODS: Of the 120 lacrimal gland tumors, we focused on a detailed clinicopathologic study of 21 malignant epithelial tumors. Follow-up was available in 19 (90%) of 21 cases. RESULTS: About two thirds of the masses (75 cases) were inflammatory, one third (41 cases) were of epithelial origin, and 3% (4 cases) were malignant lymphomas 8000-8700, 8941, 8980, 8982, 9700-9701 and Schema Discriminator 1: Lacrimal Gland/Lacrimal Sac: 1. C695 Lacrimal gland [excluding lacrimal sac, lacrimal duct] Note 1: The following sources were used in the development of this schema. SEER Extent of Disease 1988: Codes and Coding Instructions (3rd Edition, 1998) (https://seer.cancer.gov/archive. CONCLUSIONS: Epithelial lacrimal gland tumors are mainly PA and ACC, and malignancies are more common than benign tumors. Although ACC presented typically with advanced clinical stage, 33% of the patients survived without tumor recurrence or metastasis

Lacrimal gland conditions 1,2, bandages for lacrimal gland swelling 3, and cataract surgery 4,5, 18th century. Copperplate engraving by Robert Benard from Denis Diderot's Encyclopedia, Pellet, Geneva, 1779 Between 1960 and 1987 29 patients underwent surgery at the Munich University Eye Hospital for benign and malignant tumors of the lacrimal gland. Fifteen tumors were classified as pleomorphic adenomas (three of them with malignant transformation), nine as adenoid cystic carcinomas, two as adenocarcinomas, two as oxyphilic adenomas, and one as oxyphilic adenocarcinoma Biopsy of the lacrimal gland lesion showed adenocarcinoma of the lacrimal gland, and the patient died of pneumonia 2 weeks after presentation before orbital surgery was performed. Autopsy identified a 2×1×1 cm DC of the lacrimal gland with metastatic spread to the lungs, liver, suprarenal glands, vertebral column and cerebellum along with. ObjectiveTo describe epidemiological trends in lacrimal gland malignancies in the United States.Study DesignRetrospective database review.SettingMulticenter registry.Subjects and MethodsA total of. Lacrimal gland carcinoma (LGC) is a very rare malignancy with no established treatment other than surgery [1]. If conservative surgery cannot be applied, orbital exenteration is the only treatment of choice with curative intent [2-6]. Therefore, effective and less invasive treatment methods are urgently needed