Dyspepsia word surgery

Hlth 125 Chapter 8 Word Surgery Flashcards Quizle

Indigestion - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clini

Functional dyspepsia is defined as at least one month of epigastric discomfort without evidence of organic disease found during an upper endoscopy, and it accounts for 70% of dyspepsia. Symptoms. Dyspepsia is a common problem, affecting up to 30% of the population. Common symptoms include bloating, discomfort, feeling too full, nausea, and gas. In most cases, it happens after eating or. Indigestion (dyspepsia) is a functional disease in which the gastrointestinal (GI) organs, primarily the stomach and first part of the small intestine (and occasionally the esophagus), function abnormally.It is a chronic disease in which the symptoms fluctuate in frequency and intensity usually over many months or years. It may occur every day or intermittently for days or weeks at a time. Word building reference [ Medical terminology word building ] Medical terminology is composed of a prefix, root word, and suffix: Prefix: A prefix is placed at the beginning of a word to modify or change its meaning. Pre means before. Prefixes may also indicate a location, number, or time. Root: central part of a word A burp or belch can help ease an upset stomach. But if it happens often, it can be a sign of a health problem. If you burp a lot, it's probably time to find out why

A word element placed at the end of a word that changes the meaning of the word. This usually describes a pathology (disease or abnormality), symptom, surgical or diagnostic procedure, or part of speech. dyspepsia contraception an elective surgery, affixes sagging breasts in a more elevated position, commonly improving their shape Indigestion is often a sign of an underlying problem, such as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), ulcers, or gallbladder disease, rather than a condition of its own. Any treatment you get will. Word building reference [ D ] Prefix: A prefix is placed at the beginning of a word to modify or change its meaning. Pre means before. Prefixes may also indicate a location, number, or time. Root: central part of a word. Suffix: The ending part of a word that modifies the meaning of the word Dyspepsia (Indigestion) The word indigestion does not necessarily mean that the process of digestion is impaired ( maldigestion ). Instead a number of symptoms, like bloating, abdominal discomfort or pain, cramps, heartburn and.or nausea is often present especially after eating

What does dyspepsia mean? (pathology) A generic term for mild disorders of digestion, characterised by stomach pain, discomfort, heartburn and nau.. Dyspepsia is gastric upset due to the inability to digest one's food. Origins. Dyspepsia is a word that has been used in English since the early eighteenth century not only for a variety of stomach ailments but also for bad moods or temper outbursts that were thought to be caused by indigestion o If dyspepsia overlaps with GERD, follow Enhanced Primary Care Pathway: DYSPEPSIA, available at www.calgarygi.com o Lifestyle factors that contribute to GERD have been identified and discussed with your patient. If applicable, weight loss is essential to management of GERD, and your patient should be guided and monitored to achieve specific goals

#### Summary points Definitions of the term dyspepsia vary but generally describe pain or discomfort in the epigastric region. People with dyspepsia have a normal life expectancy,1 but symptoms impair quality of life,2 3 and affect productivity.4 Dyspepsia is estimated to cost the United Kingdom more than £1bn (€1.16bn; $1.55bn) annually,5 so it is important to manage the condition. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), is a chronic condition in which stomach contents rise up into the esophagus, resulting in either symptoms or complications. Symptoms include the taste of acid in the back of the mouth, heartburn, bad breath, chest pain, regurgitation, breathing problems, and wearing away of the teeth.Complications include esophagitis, esophageal stricture, and Barrett's.

Functional dyspepsia is a condition where there are stomach symptoms like pain and bloating but it is not related to any identifiable stomach disease. In other words there may be no underlying cause like gastritis or peptic ulcers, hence the term non-ulcer dyspepsia. The term dyspepsia is also used interchangeably with indigestion How to use dysphagia in a sentence Removal of a portion of the epiglottis occasionally gives great relief to a patient who is suffering from dysphagia. A System of Operative Surgery, Volume IV (of 4) | Various He spoke distinctly, but there was dysphagia as far as solids were concerned Dyspepsia means indigestion. It's very common, but not a very exact diagnosis. GERD is when acid that's normally in the stomach refluxes up into the esophagus (food pipe), which isn't built to handle it (see Diagram — Gastrointestinal System). It happens if the tight sphincter muscle at the bottom of the esophagus weakens a little The majority of cases of dyspepsia can be treated in primary care Risk factors for cancer: have a lower threshold for referral in those with Barrett's oesophagus, pernicious anaemia, peptic ulcer surgery or a family history of upper GI cancer [2

dysphagia [dis-fa´jah] difficulty in swallowing; see also aphagia. There are numerous underlying causes, including stroke and other neurologic conditions, local trauma and muscle damage, and a tumor or swelling that partially obstructs the passage of food. The condition can range from mild discomfort, such as a feeling that there is a lump in the. Word Roots, Prefixes, Suffixes, and Combining Forms. Prefixes and Combining Forms. a-, an- absence or lack acardia, lack of a heart; anaerobic, in the ab­sence of oxygen ab-departing from: away from abnormal, departing from normal. acou-hearing acoustics, the science of sound. ac-, aero- extreme or extremity; peak acrodermatitis, inflammation of the skin of the extremitie

Functional dyspepsia - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clini

  1. Superior mesenteric artery syndrome is caused when the third part of the duodenum is trapped or compressed between the two arteries - the aorta and the superior mesenteric artery. The intestine is a long, winding tube that connects the stomach to the anus. There is a small intestine and a large intestine. The small intestine connects directly.
  2. In sum, GB removed 2013. Multiple ERCP procedures w/stents at the U of MN, roux en y surgery for bile reflux Fall of '19. This past 3 months I have had some reoccuring symptoms that are really affecting my quality of life again. Endo was normal, CT scan shows lots of stool in my system
  3. Indigestion is often a symptom of another problem. Learn about the causes, symptoms, treatment, and prevention of indigestion from the experts at WebMD
  4. dyspepsia - a disorder of digestive function characterized by discomfort or heartburn or nausea indigestion , stomach upset , upset stomach symptom - (medicine) any sensation or change in bodily function that is experienced by a patient and is associated with a particular diseas
  5. Dyspepsia has a significant impact on quality of life 10, and results in enormous societal costs, either due to direct medical costs for physician visits, diagnostic tests, medications, or indirect costs from absenteeism or reduced productivity at work 11, 12. It is therefore, important to explore the management options available in the light.

Dyspepsia after multiple digestive surgeries? Mayo

Dyspepsia is an uncommon word, but a very common problem. This medical condition is more commonly known as indigestion of the stomach and small intestine. The symptoms of this condition include abdominal pain, bloating, belching, nausea and a loss of appetite.They come and go varying terms of frequency and intensity m resolution. We carried out a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine the prevalence of dyspepsia in patients with uncomplicated cholecystolithiasis. The electronic databases Medline, Embase, and Web of Science were searched for articles reporting the prevalence of dyspepsia in adults (≥18 years) with uncomplicated cholecystolithiasis. Pooled prevalence and 95% confidence interval. Dysgeusia Symptoms. The main symptoms of dysgeusia have to do with how you perceive taste. You may find that foods have lost their sweetness or saltiness, and food might taste sour, rotten, or metallic. People with this condition also might have it in tandem with burning mouth syndrome, where your mouth has a burning sensation that causes pain

Tom always liked to impress his friends, so he complained about having dyspepsia. John replied, Oh, Tom, all you have is _____. What is stomach ache or upset stomach. 400. the patient went to surgery to have gallstones removed from his bile duct. On the surgical report, the surgeon indicated that the _____ surgery went well Leukoplakia typically clears itself once irritants are removed, but in severe cases, surgery with a scalpel or laser is necessary. 3. Dyspepsia. Also called indigestion, dyspepsia is one of the most common causes of acid reflux and LPR. This condition occurs when the body has trouble digesting food, many times due to a lack of HCL and probiotics Hip dysplasia is an abnormality of the hip joint where the socket portion does not fully cover the ball portion, resulting in an increased risk for joint dislocation. Hip dysplasia may occur at birth or develop in early life. Regardless, it does not typically produce symptoms in babies less than a year old. Occasionally one leg may be shorter than the other The term dyspepsia, derived from the Greek words dys (bad) and pepsis (digestion), refers to symptoms thought to originate in the upper gastrointestinal tract. 1,2 Dyspepsia is often used to.

Root & word - Word Surgery Flashcards Quizle

  1. endoscopic: (en″dŏ-skop′ik) Pert. to endoscopy or an endoscope
  2. Functional dyspepsia-Approach 1. DYSPEPSIA Greek word means difficult digestion. Symptoms located in upper abdomen 2. AGE DISTRIBUTION IN KAUVERY 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 <21 YRS 21-30 YRS 31-40 YRS 41-50 YRS 51-60 YRS >61 YRS MALE FEMALE 3. 0 20 40 60 80 AT KAUVERY 4
  3. Dyspepsia word cloud concept. Biography. Anthropology. Medicine Hygiene Surgery Etc. RELATIONS OF DYSPEPSIA WITH, scientific american, 1881-12-31 Omeprazole dyspepsia and peptic ulcer disease drug (proton pump inhibitor) molecule. Skeletal formula. Gaviscon Indigestion Tablets. Wells' Health Renewer great tonic & dyspepsia cure..
  4. Patulous esophagus is the widening of esophagus which causes problem with the digestion and metabolism of food. The following symptoms are associated with this. Patient may feel heaviness in stomach. The metabolism becomes fast and patient may feel warmth in body. Nausea is the common symptom

The word dyspepsia derives from the Greek word dus=bad and pepto=digestion (i.e. impaired digestion) and indicates sensations referred by affected individuals, while gastroparesis derives from the Greek words gastro=stomach and pa' resis=incomplete paralysis (i.e. partial paralysis of the stomach affecting motion, but not necessarily. How to Say Surgery in Japanese. Categories: Health and Healthcare. If you want to know how to say surgery in Japanese, you will find the translation here. We hope this will help you to understand Japanese better. Here is the translation and the Japanese word for surgery: 手術 Edit. Surgery in all languages Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand. Correspondence. Chris Varghese, Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, University of Auckland, Auckland 1023, New Zealand. Email: cvar706@aucklanduni.ac.nz. Search for more papers by this autho The term dyspepsia is so frequently used by writers as a synonym for indigestion that one needs to explain the meaning he attaches to the word. In this paper it is to be understood as referring to the condition which permits or encourages acute attacks of deranged digestion or unnatural distress in the stomach or bowels from the presence or absence of normal food or its products Biliary dyskinesia involves symptoms that mimic biliary colic, including: Sharp pain in the upper right quadrant of the abdomen (that may radiate [travel] to the right shoulder. Pain that may be sudden or that may come and go over an extended time span. Nausea and vomiting. Lack of appetite (common in children) 4 

Indigestion definition, uncomfortable inability or difficulty in digesting food; dyspepsia. See more Indigestion is a feeling of discomfort and pain in the upper abdomen and chest, often accompanied by feeling too full, bloating, belching, and nausea that occurs after eating. Certain foods can trigger indigestion, such as fried and fatty foods and chocolate. Other names for indigestion are dyspepsia and upset stomach Functional GI disorders are disorders of gut-brain interaction. It is a group of disorders classified by GI symptoms related to any combination of the following: motility disturbance, visceral hypersensitivity, altered mucosal and immune function, altered gut microbiota, and altered central nervous system (CNS) processing. [3 Quiz eight. A patient requires surgery to restore and reattach the uterus back in its normal anatomical position because of uterine prolapse into the vagina. This procedure is termed. CHALLENGE QUESTION! The following question requires you to draw upon word elements in the current module and word elements from previous modules to identify a.

Find 12 ways to say INDIGESTION, along with antonyms, related words, and example sentences at Thesaurus.com, the world's most trusted free thesaurus Explain that dyspepsia is a common condition that usually responds well to treatment. Stop or reduce any medication that may be contributing to symptoms (if appropriate) Offer lifestyle advice, including smoking cessation, weight loss, reduced alcohol and caffeine intake, and regular exercise. Evidence for long term effects of lifestyle changes. SSA Research 46 PAGES (7097 WORDS) Medicine And Surgery Dissertation Assessment Of The Health Outcomes Associated With Unsafe Abortion Among Teenagers In Kamuli Mission Hospital ABSTRACT Abortion remains a major global health issue, approximately 44 million of the 210 million pregnancies that occur each year-end in induced abortion, and almost.

Indigestion (Dyspepsia) Patien

Gastritis is a condition that inflames the stomach lining (the mucosa), causing belly pain, indigestion (dyspepsia), bloating and nausea. It can lead to other problems. Gastritis can come on suddenly (acute) or gradually (chronic). Medications and dietary changes can reduce stomach acid and ease gastritis symptoms. Appointments 216.444.7000 The majority of cases of dyspepsia can be treated in primary care Risk factors for cancer: have a lower threshold for referral in those with Barrett's oesophagus, pernicious anaemia, peptic ulcer surgery or a family history of upper GI cancer [2 Categorizing symptoms according to the Rome IV criteria for functional dyspepsia indicated that 67 patients (56%) fulfilled criteria for functional dyspepsia. 25 The mean symptom severity score was 1.57 (95% CI, 1.39-1.74); the dyspepsia-related quality of life score was 1.32 (95% CI, 1.16-1.48); and the health anxiety score was 0.84 (95% CI, 0. 1.4 Interventions for uninvestigated dyspepsia. 1.4.1 Be aware that dyspepsia in unselected people in primary care is defined broadly to include people with recurrent epigastric pain, heartburn or acid regurgitation, with or without bloating, nausea or vomiting. Also see common elements of care. [2004, amended 2014] 1.4.2 Leave a 2‑week washout period after proton pump inhibitor (PPI) use. Clinical policies. The policies below assist Cambridgeshire and Peterborough CCG to manage lower clinical priority treatments, various surgical and clinical procedures. We are currently changing the style of our policies. There will be two documents applicable to each policy: a criteria document (Part 1) and evidence document (Part 2)

New help for Stomach pain (dysfunctional dyspepsia or

The term used to refer to this situation is functional dyspepsia, in other words dyspepsia of unknown or uncertain cause. Functional dyspepsia is very common around the world and, while non-fatal, it is a major cause of distress for the sufferer and results in time lost from work and significant health care costs Dyspepsia is the most common gastrointestinal disorder in primary medical assistance. In the general population, 40% of people will suffer from dyspepsia during their lifetime . The most frequent category of dyspepsia is functional dyspepsia (FD)

Dysphagia definition, difficulty in swallowing. See more. The Dictionary added new words and definition to our vast collection, and we want to see how well-versed you are in the formally recognized new lingo gastroptosis may protect against dyspeptic symptoms, rather than causing functional dyspepsia. Key words: body mass index, dysmotility-like dyspepsia, gastroptosis, reflux-like dyspepsia, ulcer-like dys-pepsia (Intern Med 50: 667-671, 2011) (DOI: 10.2169/internalmedicine.50.4582) Introduction Gastroptosis is recognized by a characteristic shape. 1 Gastrointestinal case studies Karen Baxter Case study level 1 - Ulcerative colitis Learning outcomes Level 1 case study: You will be able to: describe the risk factors describe the disease describe the pharmacology of the drug outline the formulation, including drug molecule, excipients, etc. for the medicine

Functional Dyspepsia: Evaluation and Management - American

Dumping syndrome after gastric bypass surgery is when food gets dumped directly from your stomach pouch into your small intestine without being digested. There are 2 types of dumping syndrome: early and late. Early dumping happens 10 to 30 minutes after a meal. Late dumping happens 1 to 3 hours after eating Synonyms for Functional dyspepsia in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for Functional dyspepsia. 3 synonyms for dyspepsia: indigestion, stomach upset, upset stomach. What are synonyms for Functional dyspepsia Diverticulitis definition is - inflammation of a diverticulum. Recent Examples on the Web Pope Francis is recovering after undergoing surgery yesterday for colon diverticulitis. — Aj Willingham, CNN, 5 July 2021 Oppedisano, who became Sinatra's pal in his early 20s and was later his best friend and road manager, said the artist had emergency diverticulitis surgery in late `1986 and was. There are 2 lap band problems that cause the surgery to be classified as a failure: Unsuccessful weight loss - unsuccessful carries a different definition with each surgeon, but in general a procedure is considered to be a failure if you lose 25 to 30% or less of your excess weight (in other words, if you're 100 pounds overweight that would mean you lost 25 to 30 pounds or less)

Dyspepsia: Symptoms, causes, and treatment

The patients were discharged 1-2 days after surgery. Multivitamin, iron, vitamin D, calcium, vitamin B12 and oral were prescribed. Oral Ursodeoxycholic acid (Ursofalk) was recommended at the first institution for 6 months. Patients were scheduled for routine follow-up at 6-8 weeks after surgery, then at 6 months and 1, 2 and 5 years 'Other problems you may experience after stomach surgery are diarrhoea, indigestion and vomiting in the mornings.' dyspepsia, hyperacidity, acidity, heartburn, stomach ache, a stomach ache, upset stomach, an upset stomach, stomach upset, a stomach upset, a gastric upset. View synonyms. Origin 1051 Words | 5 Pages. Section 1-2 Ex. 26 Surgery vs. Splints - A study compared surgery and splinting for subjects suffering from carpal tunnel syndrome. It was found that among 73 patients treated with surgery, there was a 92% success rate. Among 83 patients treated with splints, there was a 72% success rate Dyspepsia is a common problem and is often caused by gastroesophageal reflux disease or gastritis. In a small minority of cases, it may be the first symptom of peptic ulcer disease (an ulcer of the stomach or duodenum) and, occasionally, cancer

7 Indigestion Symptoms: Dyspepsia Signs, Causes & Remedie

Cialis and dyspepsia for clomiphene for men whete to buy. Evidence suggests the elimination of some object, activity, dyspepsia cialis and or that suffice] saturation n. 1 a dark ring surrounding the pelvic peritoneum and three columns. The eighth nerve or directly over the other, musculoskeletal complications musculoskeletal complications set. Key words: Peptic Ulcer, Functional Dyspepsia, Helicobacter Pylori, Vitamin A and C, Flavonoids Introduction Gastric mucosa is constantly exposed to exogenous food products, providing vital. Background:-The term dyspepsia is used variably by health professional to refer to a host of upper abdominal symptoms that include pain or discomfort, bloating, early satiety, post prandial fullness, heart burn, regurgitation, belching, nausea etc

Dyspepsia and πέψη (Pepse)), popularly known as indigestion, meaning hard or difficult digestion, is a medical condition characterized by chronic or recurrent pain in the upper abdomen, upper abdominal fullness and feeling full earlier than expected when eating. It.. What is the abbreviation for Functional Dyspepsia? What does FD stand for? FD abbreviation stands for Functional Dyspepsia In addition, many unnecessary operations are performed in an attempt to relieve the painful symptoms. Unfortunately, despite the surgery, many patients continue to suffer from the symptoms of dyspepsia. The causes of dyspepsia are many and some of them are not clearly understood. Too often dyspepsia has been dismissed as a psychosomatic disorder

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Medical terminology word building - Word building

Dyspepsia is nothing more than heartburn or indigestion. encephalo- Gastroplasty is plastic or reconstructive surgery of the stomach. gloss-Glossitis is the inflammation of the tongue. Glossopharyngeal is a cranial nerve. hemo-Hemorrhage is an abnormal discharge of blood.. Introduction. D yspepsia, by definition, is not a single symptom but a constellation of symptoms, such as bloating, early satiety, postprandial fullness, nausea, anorexia and heartburn, regurgitation, and burping. 1 Several reports suggest that majority of dyspepsia cases are diagnosed with minor abnormalities of uncertain significance or an entirely normal endoscopy. 2 Hence, in the absence.

So dyspepsia is a medical condition when your body can't process food in the normal way. Finn Other words with the prefix dys- , spelt d-y-s , are dyslexia and dysfunctional Background Dyspepsia is defined as a syndrome that comprises a series of chronic and recurrent disorders in the upper digestive tract. According to a meta-analysis carried out in 2014, the worldwide prevalence of dyspepsia is 20.8%, being the highest prevalence found in South America with 37.7%. It was found that there are populations that present a higher prevalence of dyspepsia that is. Not always - I will say depending on the part/type of paperwork the ICD-10 medical codes and official names are not always present. I use the ICD-10 codes and official names on certain portions of my patient paperwork (usually the parts important for billing) but in the past medical history I often just list the conditions - its not un-common to see more laymans-type terms in those cases

PPT - The Gastrointestinal System: Digestive DisordersJeffrey Aronson: When I use a word

A lot of players work together in the gastrointestinal tract. The good news, with regard to medical terminology and word building, is that the list of prefixes and suffixes is a lot less complicated than those of other large systems. The prefixes and suffixes you find here will help you keep all the body parts, [ Browse the Dictionary: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z A abandon: okuleka, okusuula abase: okukopiwaza abash: okukwasa ensonyi, okuswaza abate. Hip dysplasia is often referred to as Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip (DDH). Like many other conditions, hip dysplasia has a wide range of severity, from mild (loose joints) to severe (complete dislocation). Fortunately, the condition does not cause any pain. An estimated 1 in every 100 babies is treated for hip dysplasia in some form Words at Play In Vino Veritas and Other Latin Phrases to Live By. Top 10 Latin Phrases. Eavesdrop, Fiasco, and 8 More Words with Surprising Origins. Including some trivia on 'trivia' Add These Rare and Uncommon Words to Your Vocabulary Now! Words as delightful as they are rare. The Words of the Week - 7/16/21. Words from the week of 7.

Burping & Excessive Belching: Why It Happens & How To Make

Functional dyspepsia (also known as non-ulcer dyspepsia) refers to people with dyspepsia symptoms and normal findings on endoscopy. Functional dyspepsia is the most common diagnosis arising from endoscopy for dyspepsia symptoms. Management includes reassurance, lifestyle measures, management of aggravating factors, H Pylori eradication and. Heartburn word/picture questionnaire Patients recruited from the general gastroenterology outpatient clinic (n=134, 93 females, age 47 (SEM 3)) • Dyspepsia questionnaire • H pylori status • Gastric emptying • pH monitoring Patients recruited from the motility outpatient clinic (n=113, 73 females, age 41 (SEM 1)) Functional dyspepsia.

Flashcards - Medical Terminolog

Anal stenosis can be a disabling condition, affecting quality of life in many ways. Depending on the severity of the condition, surgery may be an option. request an appointment. For Appointments 843-792-6982. request an appointment I read with interest the article by Mertens et al. that had reported on symptoms resolution post-cholecystectomy.1 They showed that at 6 months post-cholecystectomy, a large proportion of patients still had symptoms and some actually developed new symptoms. They also showed that presence of dyspeptic symptoms and use of psychotropic medications before surgery predicted symptoms nonresolution Results. The results were summarized using a meta-analysis in the presence of quantitative data or in a narrative review, otherwise. There was a large body of high-quality evidence supporting that the implementation of multimodal analgesia improves patient outcome in terms of the intensity of postoperative pain, the requirements for postoperative opioid analgesia, and the opioid-associated.

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If you are 80 or more pounds overweight, gastric sleeve surgery is one of the safest and most reliable options for significant, fast, and long-term weight loss. During the procedure, your surgeon will drastically reduce the size of your stomach. From Day 1, you won't feel as hungry, and you won't be able to eat nearly as much as you used to Especially Marginal Ulcer, with associated risks of pain, dyspepsia, bleeding, anemia, perforation and death. Ideally Normal Renal function. The MGB can often be associated with improved renal function but in cases where kidney function has already deteriorated the risks of surgery and after surgery go up as the kidney function worsens 9500 S. Dadeland Blvd. Suite 200 Miami, FL 33156 1-855-427-8761. Careers Employees Gastro Health Foundatio Functional dyspepsia. K30 is a billable/specific ICD-10-CM code that can be used to indicate a diagnosis for reimbursement purposes. The 2021 edition of ICD-10-CM K30 became effective on October 1, 2020. This is the American ICD-10-CM version of K30 - other international versions of ICD-10 K30 may differ After getting the opinions of three orthopedic specialists and engaging in countless discussions with other owners of dysplastic dogs I made a very difficult decision. I was going to have Sandy undergo a surgery called bilateral femoral head osteotomy (FHO). I knew that I faced challenging post-operative care and rehabilitation, but I assumed that I would do the best I could when the time came MEDLINE and EMBASE were searched to identify population-based studies reporting prevalence of uninvestigated dyspepsia in adults (≥18 years old) according to Rome I, II, III or IV criteria. Prevalence of uninvestigated dyspepsia was extracted, according to criteria used to define it